The Unknowns: Mystifying UFO Cases

I’ve never paid much attention to UFO sightings. I’ve read about the occasional incident but my curiosity never really expanded beyond those few cases. I just find that far too often the focus of UFO stories is on the mystery itself as opposed to the resolution of that mystery. Plausible explanations take a backseat to fantastical embellishments. There’s a “documentary” on Netflix right now, and I’m using the term “documentary” very loosely, about a man who claims to be harassed and pursued by aliens. In one scene, he literally has someone bob one of those alien masks you’d get for Halloween outside a window and it is played completely straight. We, the audience, are supposed to believe that this is a close encounter of the third kind when it looks like a close encounter of the trick-or-treat kind.

Nevertheless, this “documentary” did peak my interest and so I began to learn more about the UFO phenomenon, immersing myself in this expansive mythos of which I only had a very limited understanding. From the very start I was taken down this convoluted path of alien abductions, government conspiracies, and alien experiments that read like rejected drafts of The X-Files. But every now and again, I came across something a bit more credible. Stories that were genuinely difficult to rationalize. Nothing that would convince me the Earth is a galactic resort but mystifying stories all the same.

To get you on the same page as me, we need to go back to the year 1947. In the summer of 1947, news and government agencies across North America were flooded with reports of strange objects in the sky. This UFO mania was provoked by a pilot named Kenneth Arnold. On June the 24th Arnold was flying over the Cascade Mountains in the state of Washington when he observed a formation of nine saucer-like objects zooming across the sky. Unbeknownst to Arnold, this innocent description would come to popularize the term flying saucer. The scintillating discoids appeared to be traveling at a speed of some 2000 km/h, a speed yet to be achieved by any man-made airplane in 1947. Arnold initially suspected he’d observed some secret military test flight but the US Air Force quickly denied responsibility and merely dismissed the sighting as some form of optical illusion. But it wasn’t quite that simple. Not only was Arnold an experienced pilot but his story was corroborated by a number of witnesses on the ground who all described a series of oval-shaped objects traveling at a tremendous rate of speed. Furthermore, other sightings had been reported days before and would continue for many days after.

More than 800 cases in less than a month, including the famous Roswell incident. Publicly the US Air Force dismissed the sightings as nothing more than a combination of overactive imaginations and misperceptions of natural phenomena but internally the Air Force was just as mystified as the public and actually quite concerned. Hundreds of unrelated persons from all walks of life including high ranking military officials, scientists, engineers, politicians, and professional pilots reported uncannily similar experiences in the span of a few weeks. Both the public and the intelligence community crew increasingly convinced that something was hiding amongst the clouds. In late June of 1947 the Air Force covertly launched a preliminary investigation into the sightings as they suspected that some UFOs could be vessels of foreign or celestial origin. By late September the existence of advanced aeronautic vehicles could not be eliminated. While the majority of cases could be ascribed to natural phenomena, the maneuverability and evasive behavior displayed by some UFOs defied all conventional explanations. It was speculated that these seemingly mechanical UFOs could be part of some top secret military project, either foreign or domestic.

It was feared that the Soviet Union had seized German technology after World War II and developed some advanced aircraft capable of covert infiltration of US airspace. This led to the formation of Project Sign. A classified investigation that would attempt to determine whether or not UFOs posed a threat to national security. While the project members entertained a number of plausible causes, by the summer of 1948, a minority of credible and well documented UFO cases could not be resolved.

These cases became known as the unknowns. By process of elimination, Project Sign therefore concluded that the most probable explanation for the most inexplicable of cases was the extraterrestrial hypothesis. In other words, the unknowns did not appear to be from this Earth. However, once this report reached the Pentagon, it was rejected. The interplanetary explanation was thought to be unsubstantiated and so the report was ultimately scrapped. Project Sign was dissolved soon thereafter and subsequent investigations ultimately failed to ascertain the nature of these unknowns. Project Sign’s successor, Project Blue Book, merely concluded that it was statistically improbable that UFOs represented technological capabilities beyond our own. As the vast majority of UFO sightings are misperceptions of natural phenomena the presumption was that all UFO sightings are likely to be misperceptions. As such, funding for UFO research could no longer be justified as the threat to national security was evidently nonexistent.

Government sanctioned UFO research officially ended with the dissolution of Project Blue Book in 1969 and the Air Force has since proclaimed the issue resolved. Out of the 12,618 UFO reports in its collection, 701 were marked unknown upon its conclusion. Although, some would argue that many cases were mischaracterized and that more than 1,700 cases should be regarded as unknowns. While the US government may dismiss these unknowns as mere statistical anomalies, the fundamental question remains. What did people see? What kind of natural phenomenon evades resolution despite decades of scrutiny? Late in the afternoon on May the 24th, 1949, six civilians were on a fishing trip on the Rogue River in the state of Oregon.

Suddenly, one of them observed a round and scintillating object in the sky. It barely moved as it silently hovered some 1,500 meters above. It was difficult to discern any details with the naked eye but fortunately one of them had brought a pair of binoculars with eight times magnification. The binoculars revealed a clearly distinguishable metallic craft of unfamiliar design. It was round and flat, about 10 meters in diameter, and had a rounded fin on the roof. It had a reflective silver-colored surface that appeared to be somewhat dirty. It lacked any conventional means of propulsion and made absolutely no sound. After some two minutes of observation, the UFO gradually moved in the opposite direction of the wind until it disappeared with the speed of a jet plane.

Besides the corroborating accounts and detailed sketches, what makes this case so interesting is that two of the civilian observers were also employed at an aeronautical research facility so they had ample knowledge of aeronautics. Furthermore, the story never reached the public. This is important because if this was a hoax one would expect the hoaxers to seek media attention, yet the witnesses refrained from speaking to the press.

The story never reached the public eye until many years later when ufologists uncovered the case files which revealed that Project Blue Book had rather dismissively concluded it must have been a misidentified airplane or a weather balloon. So all we need now is a plane shaped like a pancake or a self-propelled balloon unaffected by wind. If you spend some time reading about UFOs you will soon come across an explanation that is repeated time and time again. Weather balloons. This is certainly true for some of the more famous cases. The Battle of Los Angeles? Balloon. The Roswell Incident? Top secret balloon. The Mantell Incident? Once again, a balloon. Unfortunately for proponents of the extraterrestrial hypothesis, it is often a rather convincing explanation.

However, it is far less convincing when the witnesses of a UFO are themselves launching a balloon. On April the 24th, 1949, a group of five balloonists had just launched a weather balloon in the New Mexico desert and were tacking said balloon with a special telescope. Suddenly, the person operating the telescope sighted another object in the sky and alerted the rest of the group who could all see the UFO with the naked eye. It had an elliptical shape and was white-, silver-, and yellow-ish in color. It was impossible to accurately determine its altitude and size due to the lack of reference points but it appeared to be flying at an extremely high altitude and moved so quickly across the sky it was difficult to track with the telescope. It remained visible for about a minute until it suddenly stopped its horizontal motion and disappeared by near vertical ascension into the clear blue sky. It made no sound and traveled crosswind. A year prior a very similar incident had taken place on the 5th of April.

Three balloonists in the New Mexico desert were observing a weather balloon when they spotted a UFO moving at a very high rate of speed. It had a round shape and was white-, gray-, and gold-ish in color. It flew erratically across the sky and performed vertical loops for about 30 seconds until it disappeared. The desert was completely silent yet the UFO violently maneuvered without making a sound. Then on January the 16th, 1951, two balloonists and a number pilots and civilians in the New Mexico desert observed two UFOs in the vicinity of the balloon they were observing. The balloon had reached an altitude of 35 km and, even though it was about 30 meters in diameter, the two UFOs were about three to five times larger and appeared to be flying above the balloon.

They had an elliptical shape and were white and gray in color. They orbited the balloon for about 40 seconds until they disappeared into the distance at a terrific rate of speed. These are just three examples of many similar cases and despite the fact that the spectators involved could not have been more qualified to identify aerial phenomena, none could explain what they had seen. Just before midnight on July the 19th, 1952, radarscopes in and around Washington D. C. picked up a cluster of 5 to 10 unidentified targets. There were no scheduled flights in the area and the UFOs did not adhere to any established flight paths. The possibility of a malfunction was quickly eliminated as radarscopes at three separate airports displayed the same unidentifiable targets. Eventually, the objects could be visually confirmed as orbs of light slowly moving across the sky. After a while the objects began to fan out, zooming across the night sky of Washington D. C. They flew above the White House, the Capitol Building, and many other restricted areas in a disorganized and unpredictable fashion.

On numerous occasion the UFOs performed sharp 90 degree turns and some would completely reverse course in a matter of seconds. Radar operators were baffled. No man-made aircraft could perform such maneuvers. Air traffic controllers, radar operators, pilots, military personnel, and countless civilians all reported sightings of UFOs. One pilot remained in close proximity to the UFOs for about 14 minutes, describing them as white lights with no recognizable shape. While some lights flew in parallel to the plane, others appeared to be flying outside the Earths atmosphere. The sightings by the pilot also coincided with the radar detections suggesting that these were indeed physical flying objects as opposed to radar misidentifications of some kind. After more than three hours, two jet fighters were dispatched to intercept the UFOs but moments before they arrived, the objects accelerated to speeds in excess of 10,000 km/h and disappeared out of sight.

However, when the jets returned to refuel the UFOs returned to the skies. Some five hours after initial detection, the last UFO vanished from the radarscopes. But a week later, the UFOs returned once more. On the evening of July the 26th numerous UFOs were observed streaking across the skies above and around Washington D.C. They shared many similarities with the UFOs from the week before, appearing as orbs of light capable of extreme supersonic velocities.

The crew and passengers of some commercial flights could once again visually confirm the existence of many of the UFOs detected by radar. Four jets were dispatched during the night and two of the pilots did see something on two separate occasions. One pilot saw four white lights while the other saw a single white light. However, neither came close enough to make an accurate identification as the jets were easily outmaneuvered by the UFOs. Under mounting pressure from the public to explain this apparent invasion of the US capital, the Air Force held a press conference on July the 29th. At the conference they claimed that temperature inversions were to blame. It’s an atmospheric condition in which layers of warm air traps pockets of cold air which can result in false returns on a radarscope.

Conversely, the visual sightings were supposedly misperceptions of stars, meteors, or strange reflections of natural sources of light. In other words, it was all just a big misunderstanding and there was no cause for alarm. It’s a very odd explanation given that it completely disregards crucial pieces of information. For one thing, visual observations and radar detections were confirmed to be one and the same on numerous occasions. When pilots claimed they had visual contact with a UFO, ground personnel confirmed its existence and location on the radarscopes. When pilots claimed a UFO disappeared it simultaneously disappeared from the radarscopes.

Another glaring issue is that temperature inversions occurred on a daily basis throughout the summer of 1952 yet unidentified radar targets only appeared on the two nights in question. Personnel at Andrews Air Force Base were not quite sure as to what they had seen, claiming they may have seen meteors or other natural phenomena. But the senior air traffic controller at Washington National Airport was certain they had detected solid maneuvering objects while explicitly denying the possibility of weather related targets. Furthermore, none of the radar operators agreed with the Air Force’s conclusion. Everyone was certain that they had been tracking metallic flying objects. Even the National Weather Bureau disagreed with the temperature inversion theory claiming that such phenomena would appear as amorphous streaks across the radarscopes as opposed to sharp delineable dots. In spite of these glaring contradictions the Air Force concluded that temperature inversions were to blame and that nothing extraordinary had taken place. Though, somewhat paradoxically, the Project Blue Book files list the case as an unknown while simultaneously agreeing with the Air Force’s conclusion.

On April the 24th, 1964, police officer Lonnie Zamora was chasing a speeding car outside the city of Socorro in the New Mexico desert when he was alerted by loud noise and a bright flame in the sky. Believing it to be an explosion he broke off the chase and drove towards the light to investigate. The flame was blue and orange and appeared to be descending towards the ground about half a kilometer away. After a difficult drive through the rough terrain he noticed a white and silver-colored object about 200 meters distant.

It initially appeared to be an overturned car and he could see two men in white coveralls standing beside it. The two men seemed alarmed by Zamora’s presence and looked straight at him but after clearing a small hill, which momentarily obstructed his view, the two men had vanished. Zamora could now discern that it wasn’t a car but some kind of elliptical object, supported by four metallic legs. The white ellipsoid was about 5 meters in diameter and had a red insignia printed on the side.

He then proceeded on foot and was about 30 meters away when he heard loud thumps as if someone closed a door and then a smokeless flame, reminiscent of a welding torch, suddenly erupted beneath the craft. The flame was once again blue and orange in color and it produced a the same roaring sound that was increasing in frequency. Ever so slowly, the object began to rise. At this point, Zamora became frightened and the loud noise gave him the impression that the UFO was about to explode so he ran for cover behind his car. But after a while the UFO went completely silent and was now hovering some 6 meters above the ground. It’s speed gradually increased until it disappeared into the distance. While Zamora was the only person to observe the craft up close a number of witnesses had independently reported sightings of an oval-shaped UFO and a blueish flame before the story had reached the press. One particular witness had observed the descent of an oval-shaped UFO and a police car chasing after it.

A second police officer arrived within minutes and both the FBI and the Air Force would soon converge upon the site. The supposed landing site was thoroughly investigated and photographed. Grass and bushes had been burned and were still smoldering when the first officers arrived at the scene. Some of the burned plants were notoriously difficult to set aflame. The investigators also uncovered four wedge-shaped indentations in the ground and they appeared to be fresh as the dry topsoil had been pushed aside revealing the still moist subsoil.

A cluster of footprints were also discovered within the rectangular region of the indentations. No helicopters had been in the vicinity, the insignia on the craft could not be identified, the site was not radioactive, radar had not picked up any unusual activity, nor did the soil samples collected from the landing site reveal any evidence of chemical propellants. Some claim that vitrified sand had been collected which is when extreme heat melts sand into glass. However, others refute this claim so it’s difficult to know for certain. Nevertheless, none of the investigators believed it to be a hoax. The cluster of footprints were localized and did not lead away from the indentations. Assuming Zamora created the indentations himself and somehow managed to ignite the near-inflammable vegetation, he must’ve done so without leaving any evidence or footprints except for a small cluster near the center. Zamora was deemed highly reliable by everyone who knew him but more importantly by those who interrogated him. Despite plenty of opportunities to do so, he never capitalized on the sighting nor did he seem to appreciate the attention the story attracted.

No evidence of a hoax has ever been uncovered and Zamora’s integrity remained intact until his death many decades later. The Project Blue Book investigation failed to reach a conclusion. The most plausible explanation seemed to be that Lonnie Zamora had witnessed some kind of classified experimental aircraft. An explanation favored by the local population as well as Zamora himself. Given that the highly secretive military testing range known as the White Sands Proving Grounds is located right next door, this is certainly a possibility.

However, the unusual design and advanced capabilities of the craft observed still makes it difficult to believe. Unsurprisingly, the military denied the existence of such a craft. Many years later, the Air Force Captain in charge of the investigation recalled a strange phone call he’d received at the time. A high ranking military official at the Pentagon had called and personally questioned him about the case which he found to be highly unusual. He thought it was unconventional for a Colonel to be making such a call and so he wondered: “Why in the world were they so interested?” Why is it that even though half the global population walks around with a high resolution camera in their pocket, high resolution footage of flying saucers seem to be nonexistent? I’ve seen variations of this line of reasoning before and at first glance it may seem quite decisive.

While it is true that cameras are more readily accessible and video quality has improved significantly over the past few decades, so has the quality of forgeries. Thanks to software like After Effects almost anyone can create a convincing forgery which means that videos like these will never be the definitive proof they likely would have been a few decades ago. Imagine an ideal situation for a moment. Imagine that a reliable individual with no background in visual effects and no previous interest in UFOs captures an actual unidentifiable aircraft on a high resolution camera. Not some blob of pixels as if it was filmed by a Japanese adult film studio, nor some indiscernible streak that requires CSI-esque enhancements, but an actual clearly distinguishable craft that defy all conventional explanations.

Even then, the authenticity of that footage would inevitably come into question and it would in all likelihood be impossible to prove that it actually happened. I remember back in 2011, a UFO in Jerusalem was captured on video by multiple people from multiple vantage points. The case attracted worldwide attention as the multiple locations lent credence to the sighting’s authenticity. However, some time later a team of journalists tracked down the cameramen responsible and found that one was a filmmaker and film teacher while the others just so happened to be students at the same school. Drones have also made it far too easy to stage UFO sightings. Strange lights in the dark night sky performing seemingly impossible maneuvers? Drones got you covered. What appears to be a solid craft in the clear blue sky that looks noting like a conventional drone? Drones got you covered.

It’s become next to impossible to eliminate conventional explanations as virtually every person on the planet has gained easy access to the heavens above. At this point, nothing short of a spaceship landing in the middle of times square should be deemed convincing. This is at least in part why I choose to focus my attention on older cases as none of these problems existed a few decades ago. The first director of Project Blue Book, Edward J. Ruppelt, would later go on to write a book about the cases he and his team investigated. In it, he describes a drastic shift in the attitude towards UFO research following the rejection of the extra terrestrial hypothesis. The Air Force no longer sought to understand the nature of UFOs but rather sought to debunk the phenomenon at large. In his own words: “Everything was being evaluated on the premise that UFOs could not exist.” “No matter what you see or hear, don’t believe it.” Following the aforementioned Washington D.C. incident in 1952 this predisposition was only reinforced. Investigators were instructed to focus on cases they could solve and to never discuss the unknowns in public.

The subject was to be debunked and ridiculed and so it was. What had initially been perceived as a potential treat to national security had now, through an orchestrated public relations campaign, been reduced to a socially unacceptable pseudoscience. Ruppelt writes in his book: “This change in the operating policy of the UFO project was so pronounced that I, like so many other people, wondered if there was a hidden reason for the change. Was it actually an attempt to go underground, to make the project more secretive? Was it an effort to cover up the fact that UFOs were proven to be interplanetary and that this should be withheld from the public at all cost to prevent a mass panic?” “Maybe I was just playing the front man to a big cover-up.” Ruppelt is of course just speculating but, given that he was the head of the operation, it does make you wonder if there may have been some truth behind those concerns. Assuming the military is lying then how does one distinguish a lie about alien spaceships from a lie about classified aircrafts? We know nothing of either so the two deceptions would appear identical.

I mean, I want to believe but I’m just not sure what I’m supposed to believe in. After working my way through a few hundred cases I feel even more conflicted than I did when I began. Things where just so much simpler then. I could just laugh at a man pretending to be scared of a Halloween mask. No grand conspiracies. No extraterrestrials. None of that. Just mortal fear and a piece of plastic. Simpler times.

.

As found on Youtube

Brazil’s UFO Files – Your Need to Know

The next episode in our series covers Brazil’s UFO investigations. The government of Brazil has openly acknowledged the UFO phenomenon since the 1950’s and has released a number of UFO files from their investigations. From 1969 up until 1972 Brazil had an official UFO research organization called The System for the Investigation of Unidentified Aerial Phenomenon. The investigations were public and the organization would often work with civilian UFO researchers. However, when the United States closed Project Blue Book the Brazilian government soon followed.

On August 9, 2010 the Commander of the Brazilian Air Force, Brigadier Junichi Saito, established Regulation 551/GC3 for UFO disclosure in Brazil. It reads “As of this date, all reports of UFO sightings sent to the Brazilian Air Force bases and filed at the Brazilian Airspace Defense Command, in Brasilia, should be sent to the National Archives, where they can be known to any person.” A leading source for UFO research in Brazil is ‘Revista UFO.’ AJ Gevaerd, a former professor of chemistry, founded the publication in March of 1988. In 2002 the magazine began a partnership with the Brazilian Center for Flying Saucer Research to produce content. Presently Gevaerd serves as the editor and has a vast editorial board consisting of about 500 members in Brazil and over 50 other countries. The website features blogs written by various researchers, videos, documentaries and photo galleries with photos from cases that currently under investigation. Brazil’s military has released some their UFO files in response to the ‘UFO – Freedom of Information Now’ campaign started in April 2004 by the Brazilian UFO magazine.

The files that are available can be downloaded from the website ufo.com.br. The disclosure process started in May of 2005 when a group of Ufologist met with the Brazilian Air Force to discuss sightings and fully examine classified documents. During that meeting the researchers were informed on procedures for UFO detection, they were also able to visit air traffic control rooms, and review 3 historical cases. Brazilian Ufologist AJ Gevaerd was part of the group and at the 2011 International UFO Congress he spoke about his involvement.

The first case the group was able to review was from 1954; it was the testimony from pilot Nagib Ayub, the head of Varig airlines. Along with crewmembers, he observed a luminous object lingering near the airliner for about two hours in the airspace above Rio Grande do Sul. The second was a well-known case was from 1977, involving dozens of sightings on the island of Colares in the Amazon forest. The group was able to view over a 100 photos from the military investigation codenamed ‘Operation Saucer.’ The local residents reported being attacked by luminous balls of light; they described them as ‘light vampires.’ After an encounter the individuals became very ill.

Victims told the doctor that they felt that orb seemed to suck their blood therefore the locals gave the phenomenon the nickname ‘chupa-chupa.’ Operation Saucer lasted four months, from September to December. The full report allegedly contains over 500 photos and 3,000 witness interviews. In July 1997 Revista UFO published extensive articles on the case with interviews from the Air Force Commander in charge of the operation, Captain Uyrange Hollanda who passed away in October of 1997. According to Hollanda, “we detected at least nine forms of objects. Probes, spaceships, flying saucer shape.” In 2005 the History Channel featured the story on UFO Files: Brazil’s Roswell. AJ Gevaerd also spoke about this case at the 2011 International UFO Congress. The third case was from May 1986; it has been called “The Official Night of UFOs in Brazil.” As many as 20 objects, each measuring over 100 meters in diameter, jammed the Brazilian air traffic control systems over 3 of Brazil’s largest cities: Rio De Janeiro, Sao Jose dos Campos and Sao Paulo. Several jets were sent to intercept with out any success. Brazil’s Minister of Aeronautics, Brigadier General Otávio Moreira Lima, spoke about the incident and said, “The radar detects only solid metallic bodies and heavy clouds.

There were no clouds or conventional aircraft in the region. The sky was clear. Radar doesn’t have optical illusions.” The Brazilian Aeronautics Commission report was not released. However, the accounts of air force pilots and radar controllers were published widely in the press and later studied by Brazilian researchers. AJ Gevaerd found these documents to be a great confirmation. The Brazilian Committee of UFO researchers continues to work with the military has established a standing committee of UFO researchers. In April 2013 the researchers were able to meet with the leaders at the Brazilian Ministry of Defense. Researchers are still searching for information relating to controversial incidents. The Varginha Case is one of the most well-known cases in Brazilian Ufology. Canadian Ufologist Stanton Freidman said, “Varginha has the makings of a cosmic Watergate.” According to media reports, on January 20, 1996 three women saw an unknown creature while walking to their home. They described it as being about 5 feet tall with a thin monkey-like body and V-shaped feet.

It had a large head with 3 lumps on it, brown skin and big red bug-like eyes with a strong unpleasant odor. The Brazilian media was saturated with speculation. There were soon rumors of other creatures, UFO sightings and alleged military involvement. The Brazilian government denies capturing the creature during the incident, but some researchers have their doubts. Commemorative statues of the creature can be found all around the city of Varginha. Another famous Brazilian UFO sighting took place on Trindade Island. On January 16,1958 Admiral Saldanha was conducting geophysical research on a Navy training ship with professional photographer Almiro Baraúna on board. Around noon a UFO came toward the island at high speed, hovered for a moment, went behind a peak and then went back toward the sea. Baraúna managed to get four photos of the object. The navy’s initial investigation on the case was kept secret, but when the files reached Brazil’s President they were released and the photos made worldwide headlines.

The official witness reports have not been made public but the Brazilian Ministry of Defense said the documents were going through the proper procedures for release and are to be released in accordance to Brazil’s Access to Information Act. .

As found on Youtube

2 Most Convincing Alien Abduction Stories

Have actuall individuals really been abducted by aliens? Let’s explore that! ♪ Good… Mythical… Morning! – The world is a huge place. – (usually) Oh, yes. – We don’t also know how huge it is or how big it’s becoming. Current quotes state there are – 100 octillion movie stars. – That’s quite a few. – That’s one with 29 zeros after it. – Big quantity. So odds are there’s some other life online. – But the question is: Has that life… – receive united states? … come in contact with us? There’s many individuals whom state “Yes.” Now, physically, – we don’t think this has occurred, but… – Me neither.

Significant stories that I’ve heard prior to are like uncle Hank… you know, the guy who has no hair over their head but he’s many hair in the straight back, and he’s a koozie with him constantly. Hehas an alien abduction tale. – Yeah. – But not all alien abduction stories are – like Uncle Hank’s. – Mm-mm. They are sometimes more advanced and much harder to just dismiss. And we’re gonna be talking today about– we each have a story we think is more difficult to dismiss – than your uncle with the koozie. – Mm-hm. Yeah. So we’ll start. I’ve discovered… This is among the first alien abduction stories, and we’m going to go with this one because we think there’s some convincing things to it. Postman Barney Hill and their wife Betty had been driving back from Canada. They had been in Brand New Hampshire. It ended up being at night around 10 P.M. They see this celebrity that’s moving erratically. – Okay. – (gruffly) That ain’t no celebrity.

(normally) So they pull over at a rest area. Now let me personally point out– – That’s nice. – Here’s a picture of couple. They’re maybe not on remainder area within… this is a posed image, maybe not at a rest area. – Okay. – (Link) Would this couple lie to you? – (Rhett) They appear trustworthy! – (Link) They appear trustworthy. Look at – the dachshund in Betty’s lap. We mean– – (Rhett) Okay, he’s maybe not going to tell a lie. And he’s maybe not going to suffer any liars or stay in the lap of a liar, so that’s point – one right there. – which medical! – They visit the remainder area. – They have a dachshund.

Barney gets out their binoculars and begins evaluating this thing. He estimates– – He had binoculars? – Yeah, definitely he did. – had been they around their neck already? – naturally. He’s a postman – with a dachshund. – He estimated it ended up being a 40-foot-long craft with flashing colors and it had windows. As it ended up being getting closer to him– because yes, it ended up being getting closer to him– he could see there had been beings inside it. – Okay. – Gets back in the automobile and states, “They’re going to capture united states!” And then they start driving off. They start to experience beeping, buzzing, then there’s like a tingling sensation and a vibration – of automobile… – They had been at Brookstone in the – therapeutic massage chairs.

– (team laughs) – No, they had been in their automobile. – (silly vocals) We’re in Brookstone, baby! (laughs) They had been driving! They had been driving down the road then suddenly, they enter what they describe as a state of their minds being dulled. – Oh! – So their minds are dulled. And then… – Okay. – There’s another set of beeping and buzzing, and we’m suggesting what we think occurred is they were– (slurps) – sucked up in– – That’s everything think occurred, huh? – sucked up into the, into the craft. – Well that’s what they think occurred. No, they don’t know at this point. So they keep driving, but they understand that they are now, apparently instantaneously, 35 kilometers south of in which – they had started. – Whoa.

With no recollection of traveling those 35 kilometers. – That’s maybe not Brookstone. – They arrive at home then they start to notice that they have some uncontrollable impulses and thoughts. Like, Betty’s packing a suitcase and placing it by the door. She’s having nightmares of UFO abductions. Barney ended up being compelled to check their genitalia. – Pshhh! – (giggles) Okay, fine. That’s quite a compulsion. That is a healthy compulsion to check it every now and again… – Yeah, yeah, yeah, it is. – (team laughs) – But… (laughs) – You should check it.

I mean… He missed any such thing, but he ended up being compelled to check it. – Yeah. – And only after the beeping and – buzzing and… – Yeah, right, okay. – therefore, get this. – we get ya, Barney. We realize. – Betty calls the local Air Force base. – Then? – And they reply! – (silly vocals) Hello, Air Force! – we mean, like… – We don’t have any therapeutic massage chairs! (laughs) How is this feasible? But really, she calls the Air Force base. – Major Paul W. Henderson states… – (usually) genuine guy. “The UFO ended up being also confirmed by our radar.” After she describes their experience. And that just means “unidentified flying item.” He said, “The UFO ended up being also confirmed by our radar.” – Okay, fine. – Then they decide to go through… They decide to try to account for what they think become two hours of lost time and 35 miles.

They enter regressive hypnotherapy and they both have the same stories. They’re drawing sketches. This is a sketch that Barney drew of “the frontrunner,” he called it. – (Rhett) Hm! It’s a snake with a beret! – (laughs) Yeah. – (French accent) It’s a French snake! – He’s a postman, he’s maybe not a– – Ooh los angeles los angeles, Barney! – He’s maybe not an artiste. So, basically, they visited the conclusion that they’ve been abducted by aliens. They remember through regressive hypnotherapy that they took their epidermis, hair, nail – samples, physical fluid samples… – Oh! – Here’s the thing, guys. – we get you, Barney. This is a typical alien abduction tale, except it ended up being the first one! – Appropriate. – And they kinda had to figure it out.

They had beenn’t building on other previous stories. – others emulated them. – Even that image, that image of – snake with the beret. Totally original. – Totally– really, completely original. – Yeah. – The Air Force confirmed there ended up being one thing regarding radar! And the da-shund. The datsun, individuals! – How do you state that… dog? – You state datsun, you don’t state da-shund, – we don’t think. – That’s how you spell it, though! – we mean, think… – so’s what it precipitates to for them.

– (considerably) Believe the dashund. – They have a dashund. – All right, I’ve got a story. – They corroborated, you know? – In their regression! – This is the Travis Walton tale. A very famous– most likely the most famous UFO abduction, alien abduction tale back from November of 1975. He’s clearing woods, type of a blue collar guy. – He’s clearing woods. – Literally, he’s wearing a blue collar… – (Rhett) Yes. – (Link) and plaid top. (Rhett) Yeah. He ended up being a logger. He’s clearing woods in Arizona with seven other guys. They complete their change, they enter a truck. Big vehicle, seven guys. They’re going down the road and they see, quote, “a luminous item – shaped like a flattened disc.” Travis– – Saucer. We call that a flying– (snaps) Saucer. Travis gets away and draws near the saucer. Of course he does because he’s a lumberjack. And the remaining guys remain in the truck. They see a– speaking of blue collar– a blue beam hit him.

Beam of light knocks him down. They panic, others six guys. They drive off. After sometime, they’re like, possibly we should get – get Travis! – They ditched him. Wouldn’t you!? They’re scared! They return. He’s no place to be found. So they straight away visit the authorities in the nearest city. They state, “Our buddy–” They tell ’em the entire tale. “Our buddy ended up being hit with this beam of light.” And they’re like, “These dudes are peanuts! But possibly one thing’s going on.” They start a manhunt. It comes to an end up being the largest manhunt in Arizona history. – Travis-hunt. – Five times of selecting Travis, but simultaneously, they’re like, “naturally these guys don’t really experience a UFO – situation,” appropriate? – They killed him.

They suspected that they murdered him. They teamed up on him and murdered him in their typical logger way of telling the tale ended up being, (southern accent) “Hey man, suppose he got abducted by aliens. That’ll be believable.” (southern accent) Blue beam o’ light… allow’s get our tale right. (usually) therefore they polygraph them, give them a lie detector test. Five from six – of guys pass the test. – (usually) Oh, therefore the sixth one – killed him. – No. And among the guys whom ended up being there– it ended up being just inconclusive. He don’t complete the test because he ended up being type of – emotionally shaken up.

– naturally he ended up being. – Now, the guys whom administered– – He just killed a man. administered these tests said, “We are completely convinced that these males believe that he ended up being abducted by aliens. They saw– they did not kill him. They – believe that this is what has occurred. – Okay. At the same time, what happens to Travis? Well, five times pass and suddenly he wakes up in front of a local gasoline section with an incredibly detailed story– – nude. – of what had occurred. We think he nevertheless ended up being clothed. He nevertheless had that blue top on, we’m pretty sure. Right here’s what he remembers: first, it’s an incredibly detailed tale. We’m just going to supply some of features. First of all, they don’t kill him, because he’s back. – He’s back. – therefore there you get. He remembers being on a table thinking he’s in a hospital space, but the he looks up and he sees aliens that, quote, “looked like fetuses…” – Ew. – caring for him.

So the old fetus alien, you know? He gets scared, maybe not because they’re aliens, but because they’re – fetus aliens. – Oh, yeah. And he picks up a glass cylinder on a shelf and starts yelling at them and – waving the glass cylinder. – A flask? And they leave. Simply a glass cylinder. We don’t know what that’s for. Like a luminary that you place like some… We don’t have a picture. It ended up being regarding alien ship.

– Okay. – we’m going off Travis’s testimony right here. – Got it. – He waves it at them like a magic wand. They get from the space, then he states, (claps) “we got this spaceship to myself.” – (laughs) – He walks down a hallway, – goes into a room… – (team laughs) – He’s a penguin! – And there’s a room with a chair in the – center with a lever. – naturally there’s! Or a lever. This is like a cartoon. We gotta state, Travis, at this point it appears like a cartoon. However know what? We’m going to continue. – A barber seat! – He enters the barber chair.

He brings the lever and suddenly it begins a light show of movie stars like he’s at – the planetarium, basically. – (laughs) He should’ve had a woman with him, ’cause this would’ve been a great first date. You know, among my most useful first dates ended up being on planetarium. – Learn the girl a little something. – Yeah, it’s like, (silly vocals) Oh, examine the movie stars. Look how small we are. We’re therefore small, but me personally therefore are here – alongside each other in the planetarium. – No one will know any such thing we do. (laughs) (usually) Yeah, that’s appropriate. That’s what happened. There ended up being no date, though. Fundamentally he begins thinking, “perhaps we should escape right here.” He begins travelling the craft more. He finds this, quote, “tall individual character wearing blue overalls and a glassy helmet,” we don’t know what that ended up being about. But he finds more of those guys. They become – placing a gas mask– – Farmer. Farmer aliens. Yeah, with glass helmets.

They place a gas mask– – Deep sea scuba diving farmer aliens. – gasoline mask on him. He gets knocked-out and next thing he remembers, he wakes up on gasoline section. Petrol mask, gasoline – section, we don’t know, possibly, ha ha. – But he still– maybe not. (laughs) And he believes that two hours have passed away, but five times have passed away. Whoa. Does he nevertheless have the flask in their hand? Like he involves and… He did not bring the glass cylinder with him. Maybe not a flask, Link. And he did not have the lever with him. But he’d a story that he turned into a – guide called The Walton Enjoy, – He had quite a story. that then ended up being turned into a TV show, a long-running TV show called The Waltons. (numerous voices) Good night, Jim Bob! No, in fact it ended up being turned into a movie called Fire in Sky back in the 90’s. He is a celebrity amongst this community. You’ll get on the web, you search this guy on YouTube and there’s him talking at UFO conventions.

He’s nevertheless like a celebrity whom tells their tale. Most of these guys, within the team, have maintained their testimony. There’s one guy that’s some squirrelly, but many – of them have maintained their testimony. – He’s nevertheless in prison for murdering him. And he’s attempting to get Fire in Sky remade… – Sequel? Or a remake? – ‘Cause he desires it become accurate. – He desires it become accurate. – Like, visually accurate? – Or the tale ended up beingn’t appropriate? – He desires everything to be– – He desires the flask become perfectly. – (laughs) – He desires the fetal aliens become appropriate. – Why should we think this one? We mean, there had been no binoculars. There’s no dachshund. Well, there’s a movie, though. We mean, he made it into a movie and published a book.

– Appropriate, appropriate, appropriate, okay. – And he’s a mustache. He’s a very, – really dense mustache. – therefore there’s nothing– he’s maintained their mustache over the past 40 years in the same way he’s – maintained their tale, Link. – Oh? we mean, if the mustache began to give slightly, we’d be, “Oh, we don’t think you,” but if you keep the mustache strong, the tale remains strong. – we don’t know. We’m grasping. – But he wears a suit now. – we’m grasping at… glass cylinders right here. – Yeah, let’s– – And levers. Inside planetarium. Pthbbt! – therefore, Barney and Betty, you got my vote. – we don’t know. Debate away. – Ha! Debate away! – Many thanks for taste and commenting. – You know what time it is. We’m Doug from Mesa, Arizona and it’s time to spin the Wheel of Mythicality. Nine from ten individuals report that wearing a Good Mythical Morning t-shirt while viewing Good Mythical Morning offers them a better experience! Click to Good Mythical More, in which we state what it would simply take for united states – to in fact think in alien abductions. – Wow, you got plenty going on over there.

Get a Mythical Mug… wear the top this way if you want to. – (Rhett) In a world… without pancakes. – Oh. (considerably) In a world without pancakes… Eat a waffle. We mean… it’s pretty… apparent. .

As found on Youtube

Did This FBI Raid Hide UFO Proof?

As found on Youtube

How Should We Talk To Aliens?

What would you send an alien civilization? Just a ‘Hello!’ or the whole internet?

The idea that we are alone in the universe is as one certain bulk and scientists might say illogical and I’m not saying that just because I’m fascinated with the idea of alien. Statistics are actually on my side. When you have a universe the size of ours, the odds are that there are millions of alien civilizations out there, so why haven’t we heard from them yet?

Well that’s a question that the people at the search for extraterrestrial intelligence or SETI, have been trying to answer since the 1960s. Tey’ve been scouring space for evidence of ETS and they found zip, zero, nada nothing, so what’s going on? Well it could be that any alien civilizations are so far away that their messages haven’t had time to get to us or it could be that aliens are purposefully hiding from us or maybe they’re stuck in the equivalent of the human Stone Age or even the Precambrian era or maybe we have received messages from aliens and we just don’t know it yet.

It’s not all that far-fetched to imagine aliens communicating in a very different way like through chemical excretions or being able to see magnetic fields. After all we have organisms here on earth that are capable of doing that so that raises the question how do we understand a message that might be coming in from an alien civilization? Well to think through the answer SETI held a conference that asked a similar question – how would we send a message out to aliens that aliens could understand? Now if we look at the previous messages we’ve sent out they’re very limited in scope. You’ve got the engraved tablets aboard the Pioneer 10 and 11 spacecraft, there’s the encoded radio broadcast that the Arecibo Observatory blasted off into space and then of course there are the golden records aboard the Voyager 1 and Voyager 2, but all of these assume that the aliens have human-like vision and hearing plus they also require some form of decryption based on limited clues and zero context. We’re not exactly setting them up for success here but the problem of choosing what and how to say something when you have no information about the recipient is nearly insurmountable!

We even encode mathematics generally considered the universal language in arbitrary symbols – after all, how is an alien supposed to know that a stick sticking another stick with double sticks is an egg? Some of the attendees said we should be sending more simplified messages into space and they used a doorbell as an example. When you hear your doorbell ring you have very little information other than someone has rung your doorbell. Presumably they did it on purpose and they are capable of ringing a doorbell and they probably have the imagination to anticipate what would happen once they rang your doorbell so actually you’ve got more information than you first imagined but other attendees said no no no no no no no forget the simplified messages let’s go the opposite way, let’s send everything!

I’m talking about the entire internet -blasting it off into space. That way the aliens have a lot to draw from – they can build an understanding based on the massive amount of context they’re perhaps creating a rosetta stone for the entire Earth. It would be the good the bad and the cute cats!

Alright, here’s your question for this week if you were sending a message out to aliens what would you want to say and what would you not want to say?

As found on Youtube

A Strange Encounter: Explaining Alien Abduction Belief

Thank you to everybody for coming. So this is an overview of what I’m going to do. First of all I’m just going to set forward some preliminaries, a couple of things I’m going to assume without argument, then I’m going to give a brief overview of the kind of things that alien abductees say about their night time experiences, then I’ll give a bit more information about the kind of beliefs that they have. Then the serious stuff starts. I’ll ask how we’re going to explain why people have these strange beliefs.

I’ll suggest that we can explain it by appeal to some strange experiences they have and then I’ll ask whether that’s going to be enough. Actually it turns out it’s not going to be enough because some people have these experiences and don’t go on to develop the belief, so we need some other stuff involved in our explanation, and right at the end I’ll just gesture towards some other contributory factors which might be helping us explain why people have these beliefs.

OK, so just preliminaries to start. One note and two assumptions. The first is just a terminological note: so I’ll refer to subjects who believe they’ve been abducted by aliens as ‘abductees’. You’re an abductee if you believe you’ve been abducted, not if you’ve actually been abducted. So what ‘abductee’ is doing there is picking out what beliefs somebody has, not what has actually happened to them. So if you’ve actually been abducted you’re an abductee, but also if you believe you’ve been abducted, you’re an abductee. Related to that I’m going to assume that all beliefs in alien abduction are false. That’s to say that I’m going to assume that no human being has ever been abducted by aliens. I think that’s a safe assumption but I can go slightly weaker for people who don’t think that’s a safe assumption. So let’s say there are abductees proper, people who have really been abducted by aliens. Take that set of people, put them aside – I’m not interested in those people in this talk – I’m interested in those people who believe they’ve been abducted but they haven’t actually been abducted.

So if you want to leave open the possibility that some of these people have true beliefs, put those over there, I’m not interested in those people. I’m interested in this set of people who believe they’ve been abducted but they haven’t. OK, so focusing in on that set, my second assumption is that these guys aren’t lying. So they really believe their claims, they’re not trying to seek media attention or anything like that.

These people have not been abducted by aliens but they sincerely believe that they have. As I say, I’m not going to argue for those assumptions but you can ask me about them afterwards. OK, so a strange encounter. So in this section I just have a couple of abductee reports from a study by McNally and Clancy in 2005. So here’s the first one: ‘a female abductee was lying on her back. When she woke up from a sound sleep her body was completely paralysed and she experienced a sensation of levitating above her bed. Her heart was pounding, her breathing was shallow, she felt tense all over, she was terrified. She was able to open her eyes and when she did so, she saw three beings standing at the foot of her bed in the glowing light’. In the second report, ‘a male abductee awoke in the middle of the night seized with panic. He was entirely paralysed and felt electricity shooting throughout his body.

He felt his energy draining away from him. He could see several alien beings standing around his bed’. So now I want to talk about what these people come to believe when these experiences happen to them. So here are some common features of the alien abduction narrative. So typically what happens is that someone will have a night time experience like this, then they might seek out memory recovery sessions by hypnosis and then they get all these extra details about what happened to them. So common features, (this is from 1987), include being captured and examined by aliens, communicating with them often telepathically, seeing the spaceship, visiting other worlds, being communicated important information, and being returned to the point of abduction.

More recently, roughly the same kind of thing. These guys are doing the same thing to us. Common themes include being a participant in a hybrid breeding programme which can involve extraction of semen, sex with aliens, meeting hybrid offspring, and being subject to medical procedures on spaceships. So these are the typical things that are reported by abductees. So now I want to talk about two cases which are documented in John Mack’s book, Abduction. So he does the memory recovery sessions and he endorses the abduction explanation and these are from his point of view talking about these subjects who have had these experiences. So this is Scott’s story. So Scott’s room had no door, ‘and unexplained light was coming in from the direction of the adjacent clothes/washer dryer room. Scott’s breath was now coming in loud, short gasps as he spoke of “six” of “them” with “boxy” and “angular” heads that were “after me”.

Then he saw a “round-tipped rod” pushing towards him which Scott related to how he was anaesthetised. “They know I’m aware”, Scott said and “they put me under” so that “I couldn’t move”. At this point a “buzzing” in his right ear changed to a ringing sound and “I lost control of my body”. Then all Scott saw was a screen like a TV monitor that was “fritzing”. Memories of his life flashed before him as he felt himself struggling to protect his mind “So they couldn’t touch it”. After this he quite literally lost consciousness although he had been saying “as fast I could ‘I’ve got to remember, I’ve got to remember’.”’ And this is the case of Catherine which I’ve laid out as a transcript. So this happened to her she says when she was a young girl and she was kidnapped from a friend’s garden and when she was up on the spaceship, one of the ‘little men’ brought out a metal implement and this is what happened next, where ‘C’ is Catherine and ‘A’ is alien. So ‘what are you going to do with that?’, ‘I’m just going to make a little cut’, ‘why?’, ‘because we need a sample’. ‘No, no, you can’t cut me’, ‘we have to’, ‘no you don’t have to, that’s mean, you don’t have to do it to me’, ‘it’s for scientific research’.

‘Well why can’t you cut something else?’ and this is after the cut, ‘because we need to blood. We had to get the sample’, ‘but you didn’t tell me why’. So this is on the way back down to earth ‘I’m researching your planet’, ‘what’s wrong with my planet?’, ‘we’re trying to stop the damage’, ‘what damage?’, ‘the damage from pollution’. ‘I don’t know about that’ says this 8 year old girl, ‘you’ll learn’. And then we’re going down again ‘I’m getting closer to the ground, getting closer, getting closer’ and I’m on the ground and I want to run away but I can’t move and he says ‘we’ll be back for you’. OK, so that was the easy bit.

That was just describing what these people report on. What on earth is going on? How do we explain this, given my assumption at the beginning that all of these beliefs are false? OK, so it’s not really illuminating to just say ‘oh, these people are obviously crazy’, that’s not a very good explanation of what’s going on here. We can do better than that. So people who are interested in alien abduction belief, they like to talk about awareness during sleep paralysis, so I’ll say what that is now.

So this is described by Richard McNally as a hiccup in the architecture of rapid eye movement sleep which lasts anywhere from a few seconds to several minutes. So during rapid eye movement sleep the sleeper is immobilised so motoric output is blocked. This is usually a really helpful mechanism because it stops us acting out our dreams and hurting sleeping partners. But sometimes things go really wrong and we can wake up before the paralysis has disappeared and we can become aware that we’re unable to move. And this can be accompanied, not surprisingly, by an increase in heart rate, difficulty breathing, and feelings of dread. But it’s actually quite common in the general population. Estimates vary on this but McNally and Clancy put it at 30% of the general population who have had an experience of sleep paralysis and three quarters of these people will hallucinate during the paralysis in one modality, which is just to say either visually or auditorally, whilst they’re paralysed. You can imagine how terrifying this is. Katherine Holden and Christopher French give a slightly different range, so they say it’s ‘somewhere between 25 and 40% of the population’ have had some experience of awareness during sleep paralysis. It’s not a disease or any other kind of medical condition, it’s terrifying but actually it’s harmless, it does not indicate ill-health or pathology.

OK, so that’s the first step. Then we can start talking about the hallucinations which can accompany this paralysis and these may be visual including ‘lights, animals, strange figures and demons, or auditory including heavy footsteps, humming or buzzing noises and sounds of heavy objects being moved’. So McNally and Clancy ask you to do this imaginative exercise. So ‘Imagine opening your eyes shortly before dawn, attempting to roll over in your bed and suddenly realising that you’re entirely paralysed. While lying helplessly on your back and unable to cry out for help you become aware of sinister figures lurking in your bedroom. As they move closer to your bed your heart begins to pound violently and you feel as if you’re suffocating. You hear buzzing sounds and feel electrical sensations shooting throughout your body. Within moments the visions vanish and you can move again. Terrified’—obviously—‘you wonder what has just happened’.

OK, so some people have this experience and they want to know what just happened to them. Now of course some people can just shrug it off as inexplicable or they might say ‘well, clearly I had too much to drink last night’ or maybe they actually know the explanation, maybe they spend their days thinking about hypnopompic hallucination and sleep paralysis. But for those people who don’t, they might be kind of freaked out and want an explanation of what just happened to them. So although ASP and hallucination is relatively common among the general population, knowledge of these states isn’t really. This doesn’t pop up on interview panels or on TV. So given that most people don’t know about this kind of stuff, it’s unlikely that they’re going to be able to explain their experience by appeal to these kind of explanations. So I’m willing to bet that before you guys came in here, at least some of you didn’t know about awareness during sleep paralysis and hypnopompic hallucination. If you don’t know about it, you’re not going to be able to explain your experience by appeal to it.

And though the experiences are common, they don’t indicate pathology. The general public just don’t know about this so they don’t go and say something like this, ‘oh, this is a dyssynchrony in the architecture of REM, it’ll pass’. They don’t do that. They freak out and they want to know what happened to them. OK, so this is McNally’s typical case of what happens to an abductee. They have this kind of night time experience, they wonder what happened to them, then they start reading about these experiences either online or in books. They see therapists who endorse the abduction explanation, therapists like John Mack, then they enter into memory recovery sessions via hypnosis and under hypnosis they start generating more details about the experience and what happened thereafter, including them being ‘whisked through walls up into the sky and into spaceships’, being ‘sexually probed by aliens’ and ‘involved in hybrid breeding experimentation’ before being ‘brought back down to the bedroom before the break of dawn’.

So now I want to ask whether experience is enough. So what I’ve said so far is that people have these beliefs that they’ve been abducted and all these terrible things have happened to them and we know that these kinds of experiences can be caused by awareness during sleep paralysis and accompanying hypnopompic hallucinations. So do we have a full explanation? Is that all we need to say in order to explain this? Obviously my answer’s going to be ‘no’ because I have two more sections. So does experience explain everything? It doesn’t. So in McNally and Clancy’s 2005 study, one of their twelve control subjects – so their subjects who were not abductees – reported having experienced sleep paralysis and just forgot about it. She wasn’t really worried about it, she just wrote it off as inexplicable. So they say of this, ‘not all individuals experiencing sleep paralysis will seek an explanation.

Some will simply shrug it off as weird and inexplicable occurrence’, some people will know the true cause. So having the experience isn’t going to be enough to get you all the way to alien abduction belief. And in a large scale study by J. Allan Cheyne and colleagues, they surveyed 870 university students and 22.5% of them had had this kind of experience, this sleep paralysis with hallucinations. Max Coltheart who’s a cognitive scientist working on delusion, he comments on this and he says look, I don’t know how many people think that they’ve been abducted by aliens, but I’m willing to bet that ‘it’s going to be lower than 22.5%’ and if we can take that 22.5% as representative of the general population, then it looks like we’ve got people who have the experience but don’t go on to have the weird belief. So there will ‘be many people who’ve experienced sleep paralysis with hallucinations yet do not have the alien abduction belief’.

So the experience can’t be doing all of the work. So it’s not enough. So this is Max Coltheart, if we accept that ‘the experience of sleep paralysis with hallucination is what prompts the idea of alien abduction in abductees, we still need to explain what it was that turned this idea into a permanent belief in these particular people when most people who have the experience do not adopt the belief’. This is from Susan Clancy, she’s my favourite person to read on this subject. She has a book called Abduction: Why People Believe they’ve been Abducted by Aliens, which I heartily recommend. This is a quote from her. She says look, ‘when there are so many available explanations for this kind of experience, from excess carbohydrates to parental neglect, from insufficient bikram yoga to too much Prozac, why pick alien abduction? What makes abductees unusual is not the strangeness of their experiences’, we’ve already seen that’s fairly common, ‘or their desire for an explanation, but the specific explanation they choose.

Why do some people come to believe that their sleep paralysis experiences are caused by extra-terrestrials?’ and then as a funny aside she says ‘it’s not actually a very good explanation for this reason: ‘Wouldn’t you think that these mentally and technologically superior beings would have something more interesting to do, something quite possibly beyond the imagining of the human brain than to hang around North America’ – where most abductees live – ‘kidnapping its more creative and intuitive inhabitants in order to do the same experiments over and over again?’ We always hear from people that they took their genetic material to produce hybrid babies. ‘Why are these genius aliens so dim? After 50 years of abducting us, why are they still taking the same bits and pieces? Don’t they have freezers?’. So here’s a reason for thinking actually it’s not a very good explanation of their experiences. OK, so just in the last part I’m just going to gesture to what other stuff might be going on which will get us from the experience to the alien abduction belief.

So, what you might be inclined to say is that OK, the experience isn’t enough in people who are kind of mentally well but if you get someone who’s a little bit mentally unstable, plug in the experience, that will do all the work. That’s going to be a really bad explanation because actually alien abductees are mentally well people. So there’s been no convincing evidence for higher rates of ‘serious psycho-pathology among abductees compared to the general population’.

And the typical abductee though, and this is what seems to be doing some of the work, there is a little bit of oddness about them. So they have a ‘long-standing interest in New Age practices and beliefs such as reincarnation, astral projection, mental telepathy, alternative healing practices, energy therapies and astrology’ and you might think that these beliefs make abductees ‘especially prone to endorse an alien encounter interpretation of their sleep paralysis episodes’. So if you’ve got someone who already believes in this kind of stuff, then you plug in the experience, that might be enough. And this is Clancy again.

She says look, it’s kind of consistent with what we already believe. We’ve already seen the alien abduction movies, we know the kind of thing that these guys get up to when they come to earth, so when we’re looking for an explanation of an experience, assuming we’re not well read in psychology so we don’t know the true explanation, we can only choose from those explanations which we’ve actually heard of. Most of us who don’t study this stuff, a ‘set of possible explanations is far from complete’. Most of us are ‘unaware of the prevalence of sleep paralysis, sexual dysfunction, anxiety disorders, perceptual aborations, chemical imbalances, memory lapses, and psychosomatic pain.

But, our set of possible explanations does include alien abduction’… ‘everyone knows about aliens and their modus operandi’, right? We all know that ‘they come at night, fill you with terror, kidnap you and erase your memories’. We’ve all seen the films, right? This kind of explanation is available to us. So it’s also consistent with the kind of thing that we believe already – some of us. So maybe we’ve got closer to a full explanation now. So we had this experience that I outlined at the beginning but I said that’s not going to get you all the way because some people have the experience without the belief.

OK, plug in this other stuff, so New Age beliefs and familiarity with the alien abduction narrative, which people in North America – which coincidentally is where most of the abductees live – have. These other contributory factors are present in the normal population, so they’re not sort of clinically significant, they don’t make you mentally unwell if you have these New Age beliefs and this familiarity with the abduction narrative. So maybe we can get closer to a full explanation of alien abduction belief by looking at the weird experiences people have, plus some oddities found in the non-abductee population. So I’ll just leave you with this final thought from Clancy. So she says ‘at other times and other places in the world, such night terrors have been interpreted as Satan, demons, witches, dragons, vampires, large dogs and angels and erect Gorgon’.

(I don’t know what that is.) ‘Today it’s extra-terrestrials, yet although it’s true that sleep paralysis and alien abduction experiences have a lot in common’, right, ‘there’s one important difference. Sleep paralysis is a fact; alien abduction isn’t. So, if you wake up in the middle of the night, levitating above your bed and sleeping like a chicken on a rotisserie, you should understand that the experience is roughly a billion times more likely to have been caused by something normal than by something paranormal’.

‘But be careful about telling this to an actual abductee. You’ll encounter only denial, anger, blank stares or condescending smiles’. Thanks. .

As found on Youtube

Why Can’t We See Evidence of Alien Life?

Somewhere out there in that vast universe, there must surely be countless other planets teeming with life, but why don’t we see any evidence of it? Well, this is the famous question asked by Enrico Fermi in 1950: “Where is everybody?” Conspiracy theorists claim that UFOs are visiting all the time and the reports are just being covered up, but honestly, they aren’t very convincing. But that leaves a real riddle. In the past year, the Kepler space observatory has found hundreds of planets just around nearby stars, and if you extrapolate that data, it looks like there could be half a trillion planets just in our own galaxy.


If only one in 10,000 has conditions that might support a form of life, that’s still 50 million possible life-harboring planets right here in the Milky Way. So here’s the riddle. Our Earth didn’t form until about 9 billion years after the Big Bang. Countless other planets in our galaxy should have formed earlier and given life a chance to get underway billions or certainly many millions of years earlier than happened on Earth.



If just a few of them had spawned intelligent life and started creating technologies, those technologies would have had millions of years to grow in complexity and power. On Earth, we’ve seen how dramatically technology can accelerate in just 100 years. In millions of years, an intelligent alien civilization could easily have spread out across the galaxy, perhaps creating giant energy-harvesting artifacts, or fleets of colonizing spaceships, or glorious works of art that fill the night sky. At the very least, you’d think they’d be revealing their presence, deliberately or otherwise, through electromagnetic signals of one kind or another. And yet we see no convincing evidence of any of it. Why? Well, there are numerous possible answers, some of them quite dark. Maybe a single, superintelligent civilization has indeed taken over the galaxy, and has imposed strict radio silence because it’s paranoid of any potential competitors. It’s just sitting there ready to obliterate anything that becomes a threat. Or maybe they’re not that intelligent. Or perhaps, the evolution of an intelligence capable of creating sophisticated technology is far rarer than we’ve assumed.

After all, it’s only happened once on Earth in 4 billion years. Maybe even that was incredibly lucky. Maybe we are the first such civilization in our galaxy. Or, perhaps, civilization carries with it the seeds of its own destruction through the inability to control the technologies it creates. But there are numerous more hopeful answers. For a start, we’re not looking that hard, and we’re spending a pitiful amount of money on it. Only a tiny fraction of the stars in our galaxy have really been looked at closely for signs of interesting signals. And perhaps, we’re not looking the right way. Maybe as civilizations develop, they quickly discover communication technologies far more sophisticated and useful than electromagnetic waves. Maybe all the action takes place inside the mysterious recently discovered dark matter, or dark energy, that appear to account for most of the universe’s mass. Or maybe we’re looking at the wrong scale. Perhaps intelligent civilizations come to realize that life is ultimately just complex patterns of information interacting with each other in a beautiful way, and that can happen more efficiently at a small scale.

So just as on Earth, clunky stereo systems have shrunk to beautiful, tiny iPods, maybe intelligent life itself, in order to reduce its footprint on the environment, has turned itself microscopic, so the Solar System might be teeming with aliens, and we’re just not noticing them. Maybe the very ideas in our heads are a form of alien life. Well, okay, that’s a crazy thought. The aliens made me say it. But it is cool that ideas do seem to have a life all of their own, and that they outlive their creators. Maybe biological life is just a passing phase. Well, within the next 15 years, we could start seeing real spectroscopic information from promising nearby planets that will reveal just how life-friendly they might be.

And meanwhile SETI, the Search for Extra-Terrestrial Intelligence, is now releasing its data to the public so that millions of citizen scientists, maybe including you, can bring the power of the crowd to join the search. And here on Earth, amazing experiments are being done to try to create life from scratch, life that might be very different from the DNA forms we know. All of this will help us understand whether the universe is teeming with life or, whether indeed, it’s just us. Either answer, in its own way, is awe-inspiring, because even if we are alone, the fact that we think and dream, and ask these questions might yet turn out to be one of the most important facts about the universe. And I have one more piece of good news for you. The quest for knowledge and understanding never gets dull. It doesn’t. It’s actually the opposite. The more you know, the more amazing the world seems. And it’s the crazy possibilities, the unanswered questions, that pull us forward. So, stay curious. .

As found on Youtube

UFO Sightings in Colorado

JUDY MESSOLINE: We have pretty bizarre things happen here. Most of the people I know down here have seen something bizarre at one time or another. No, we don’t discuss it a whole bunch, but they believe. They think there’s something going on, too. My partner and I moved to the San Luis Valley to raise cattle, did not move here for UFOs, and didn’t even realize that this was a hot spot of the nation for sightings. And I knew nothing about them anyway. Well, then I started meeting some of the locals down here. And they all had UFO stories– I mean, one after another after another, even to the point where there was a real estate company years ago that would make people who bought land from them sign a disclaimer saying that they were aware that there was UFO activity in this valley.

So anyway, it got to the point I’d giggle and say, we need a UFO watchtower, never ever thinking I’d ever do it. Well, after four and a half years of struggling with cows, because they don’t eat sand really well, they about broke me. So I was talking to one of the farmers one day and I said, I’ve had to sell the cows. I don’t want to sell my land. And he said, you need to put up that UFO watchtower you giggled about. You’d have fun. It was just going to be a little old mom and pop business. We’d be open in the summer, closed in the winter, catch that tourist traffic off the highway, never thinking we would ever see anything from here. I mean, that was not even a vision. Well, from the time we opened, we started seeing things. And as of now, and this is November, we have had 67 sightings from just here since we opened.

One night we had about 60 people over here. And there was a couple sitting up from on the bench. And the woman jumps up just screaming. Do you see them? Do you see them? They were so high up that if she hadn’t pointed them out, I would have never seen them. And there was one here and one here, and they were moving remarkably fast towards the north. The one in the front stopped, and it waited for the one behind to catch up. And when that one caught up, the two of them took off, and there was a streak of light across the sky.

Another night it looked like a shooting star, and it was over here on the other side of the sand dunes. And it’s coming down. I’m watching this shooting star, OK? And it gets below the peaks of the mountains, and it lost its momentum, and it started to float like this. Well see, that makes sense to my weird mind. But anyway, what didn’t make sense is it went straight back up. So it wasn’t a shooting star. So many bizarre things have happened here in the last 12 years.

And I tell folks, maybe you don’t quite get all of this, OK? But you better have an open mind, because something’s going on up there in that cosmos, so we just don’t know about. And do I believe now? You betcha. JAY YOUNG: I’ve seen some pretty strange things. I’ve seen things that I’ve never even heard of before. I think there’s a lot of things in this universe that we don’t understand, and maybe we’re not meant to. Elvis. Here, buddy, buddy. Oh, there he is. How you doing big dog? Hey. JAY YOUNG: How’s my big boy? Yes. How’s my big boy? I was born in Texas, but I had the good sense to move to Colorado when I was six months old and been in the valley almost ever since.

My name is Jay Young, and I’m the manager of Colorado Gators Reptile Park. I’ve known Judy for quite a while, I guess. I went to the UFO watchtower probably the first year she opened it. It was a novel idea. She knew there was all these sightings in the San Luis Valley. And as she’s told you, I’m sure, she’s seen things since then. Do you know about Snippy the horse, right? First documented animal mutilation, possible UFO mutilation, happened here in the San Luis Valley back in the late ’60s. And it was a horse named Snippy the horse. It was just totally stripped bare.

But where the meat ended on the neck, the flesh was cauterized. There was no blood in the horse’s body, and there were no signs of any predators or anything strange around it. We just found this horse with the flesh missing off of its head. And we had an ostrich disappear. It’s missing to this day. It’s been four years now. Nobody ever saw this ostrich. So we decided to name him Snippy, if he ever does show up. I think the San Luis Valley probably draws a lot of supernatural or extraterrestrial activity possibly because of the geothermal water.

And there’s a lot of crazy people here who probably see things that they didn’t actually see, too. And then, the San Luis Valley draws strange people, so it might as well draw strange aircraft as well. JUDY MESSOLINE: Some say that its the vastness of the valley, because it’s so huge and not highly populated. Others say it’s a spiritually of the valley. Others say that there’s an E.T. base in Mount Blanca over here. Well, all of this sounds really good. But it didn’t make sense to my mind. Then I got a magazine from Great Britain. And in that magazine it said that the majority of their sightings was where there were hot water wells. That makes sense. From one end to this valley to the other, we have geothermal water. JAY YOUNG: We have very little atmosphere here at our elevation.

We have very little pollution. We have very clear skies. We do a lot of watching just from our front yard. Judy built a nice place for people to go and hang out that didn’t have a front yard here. JUDY MESSOLINE: The folks who come here to visit, first thing I ask is have you ever had any UFO experiences? Some will come right out and say, oh yeah. But folks have made fun of them for relating their stories. And I said, how can people do that? People have these experiences, don’t make fun of them. DAN: Everyone, whether they’re skeptical or not, everybody wants to think we’re not alone. Yeah, I’ve seen lights in the sky and objects that seem to hover and then take off quickly. AMANDA: I was up in the mountains with my friend near Denver. And it was the middle of the day, and we saw something that was just hovering for a long time.

It was just like an orb that was brightening and dimming. But it was still for a really long time, and then it moved. JOE: I just left my house. I was on my way into town and had some lights coming over towards us from where Blanca is. And as it was coming towards us, it seemed to come down, get brighter and brighter as it was coming down. It was a pretty good ways up there, though. And all of a sudden, it went from going straight at us and took an immediate right and went off and just disappeared off into the sky. KENNY: We have what we call the mystery lights. It’s lights we see over top of the mountains, not moving, not blinking.

So it’s not really an airplane or nothing, doesn’t look quite like a star. So we don’t really know what it is, so we just called it mystery lights. JAY YOUNG: I’m driving up Highway 17 one night. I saw three lights off to the left. And then they went over the mountains in less than 10 seconds. I calculated it out that there was no sonic boom from them taking off, breaking the sound barrier.

So that was strange. And then I calculated it out. They were going upwards of 21,000 miles per hour. JOSH: I’ve actually never experienced anything. And I’ve never seen anything myself in the area. But I believe it. In the cities and valley, there’s a lot of stuff going on, a lot of buildings. But out here in the open, you can really see everything in the sky. I’m sure there has been plenty of sightings out here. There’s plenty of room for it. JUDY MESSOLINE: If extraterrestrials were mean, we wouldn’t be here, kids.

Because their technology is so much greater than ours. We wouldn’t be here. There’s a painting over there. And the woman who did the painting is an abductee. She has been abducted for, oh gosh, since she was just a child. And she’s 50 now. And now she tries to make it a positive experience. And yeah, she was scared. But that’s human nature. We’re going to be scared about the unknown. I used to watch Mulder on TV and stuff. But as far as really being into it, I was a horse person. I was not somebody that was out here staring at the sky all the time. Now, I wish I would have taken the time to stare at the sky, because there’s some amazing stuff that goes on up there.

You look at all the turmoil that we go through here on Earth and the changes, and there has to be something better. .

As found on Youtube

Go Top